Types of Discrimination
Workplace – a steady, livable wage is integral to a family’s financial stability, economic mobility, and the ability to secure basic necessities to live and thrive. Yet in Virginia, LGBT workers lack enumerated protections and experience unacceptably high levels of discrimination in the workplace. Widespread discrimination undermines the opportunity of LGBT workers to earn a living and to provide for themselves and their families. Employment discrimination against LGBT people occurs in all aspects of employment, including hiring, firing, promotions, and pay.
Housing – the location where one lives affects a number of well-being and stability indicators, from access to quality schools to economic opportunities. The role of housing on a person’s well-being is so critical that a recent New England Journal of Medicine article argued that housing is health care. Unfortunately, in Virginia, it is legal to deny LGBT individuals housing solely because of their sexual orientation or their gender identity. Housing discrimination takes many forms, from a landlord verbally harassing tenants because of their sexual orientation or gender identity to a realtor outright refusing to sell a home to a same-sex couple.
Public accommodations—or places that offer goods or services to the general public—are the businesses, facilities, and spaces where American life prospers. It is in these public marketplaces that families gain the necessities to live and thrive, from food to clothing to temporary shelter. Unfortunately, in Virginia, LGBT people lack basic protections from discrimination in public accommodations. This license to discriminate exposes LGBT individuals and their families to unacceptable instances of discrimination when attempting to access their communities’ goods and services. Public accommodations discrimination against LGBT people occurs in all aspects of America’s economy, from retail to medicine to hotels.